The Governorate of Northern Sinai occupies the northern section of the peninsula with the Mediterranean Sea in the North, North Sinai has a surface area of around 27564 square kilometers and a population of around 400,000 inhabitants with most of them residing by the shores of the Mediterranean Sea, except for some nomadic Bedouins who live in the desert located in the middle of Sinai.The environmental characteristics of North Sinai can be divided into two categories; the Coastal area of the Mediterranean Sea represented in the Northern plains and they are covered with sand dunes and the desert environment located inside the Sinai Peninsula with a large number of mountains like the Maghara Mountain being 776 meters high and the Halal Mountain being 881 meters high.
Having one of the longest beaches over the Mediterranean Sea in Egypt, El Arish city is popular for its sandy beaches that are bordered by a large number of palm trees.
The Egyptians, during different periods, of time took El Arish as an outpost in Sinai especially during the Roman and Ptolemaic eras and then the city was fortified during the Middle Ages and then during the ruling period of the Ottomans.
Beduines come from places around Sinai such as Palestine, Saudi Arabia and Jordan. They settled in Sinai long ago, even though the environment is and was quite tough for living. There is hardly anything else than sand and mountains. Only a closer glance shows that there are some few oasises, plants and animals that allow the Beduines to live anomadic life as they have always done.
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