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"Metropolitan" the first scientific trip to record the history of Egyptian oases.

Mahmoud Abd Rabuh


In May 1908, the Metropolitan Museum recorded the first official scientific visit to oases across Western Sahara in Egypt.

The mission included a large group of Egyptologists including Herbert Yenlock and Arthur Jones. The scientific mission used camels within the project of discovering the oases of the Kharga and Dakhla, for three weeks.

The mission was aided by a number of five Egyptians and desert guides, using a convoy of ten camels carrying supplies and equipment used in the process of research and scientific registration.

Kharga Oases scene         Houses in Kharga Oases

At this time, the Western Sahara of Egypt was not completely unknown to the mission scientists, where they recorded the most important archaeological sites, monuments, and rock inscriptions along the road to which was not actually officially registered before.

The head of the scientific mission "Yenelok" visited before a lot of important archaeological areas, including the temple of Hibis, the Temple of Deir Al-Hajar and the Ayn Amur region in Al-Kharjah. He visited also the Roman ruins of cement, The Mission also recorded the rock drawings along Darb el-Ghabari.

Temple of Hibis          Christian cemetery of Bagawat

Although the results of the scientific mission were not published until 1936, they helped attract the attention of many archaeologists to these sites.

The Western Desert of Egypt is still containing many archaeological sites visited by archaeological missions, scientists and scholars from all over the earth .. This in addition to many treasures that have not been discovered so far in the oases filled with ancient Egyptian history.


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