The first evidence of jewelry making in Ancient Egypt dates back to the 4th millennia BC, to the Predynastic Period of along the Nile River Delta in 3100 BC, and the earlier Badarian culture (named after the El-Badari region near Asyut) which inhabited Upper Egypt between c.4500 BC and c.3200 BC. The ancient Egyptians placed great importance on the religious significance of certain sacred objects, which was heavily reflected in their jewelry motifs. In ancient Egypt both men and women wore jewelry; not only as a symbol of wealth and status, but also for aesthetic adornment, and as protection from evil.
Gold was the metal of choice for the Ancient Egyptians, and it was used extensively throughout the several thousand year history of Egypt. The Egyptians also used an alloy of gold, silver and a trace amount of copper called electrum, as well as precious stones. Egyptian jewelry items included such commonly found ornamentation as bracelets, brooches, girdles, and earrings, but also included items that were unique to ancient Egypt