Natural Gebel Elba Reserve is one of the largest and most important protected areas of Egypt, located in the south-eastern corner in Egypt, with an area of 35600 square kilometers, and contain protected many of the natural, human and cultural resources between wildlife and plants medical, economic and local tribes, cultures and traces of Pharaonic old graphics In addition to the wealth of geological and mineral and water resources from wells and springs of fresh water it is also enriched by the Red Sea wealth of great freedom of coral reefs and grass freely and objects rare sea as well as to many of the Red Sea Islands within the scope of the protected borders and containing sea turtles and many species of rare resident and migratory birds and the types of mangrove trees with large environmental and economic value to the south.
Gebel Elba's summit is a “mist oasis” where much of the precipitation is contributed in the form of dew, mist and clouds, creating a unique ecosystem not found anywhere else in the country. Indeed, Gebel Elba is a "biodiversity hotspot",with a biological diversity unparalleled in any terrestrial environment in Egypt proper. The relative abundance of moisture supports a diverse flora of some 458 plant species – almost 25% of plant species recorded for the entire country.
Many Afrotropical elements have their northern limits at Gebel Elba, and the dense cover of acacias and other scrubs represents the only natural woodland in Egypt. There is at least one endemic species of plant (Biscutella elbensis).