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Giza, is the third-largest city in Egypt. It is located on the west bank of the Nile, 5 km southwest of central Cairo. Giza is most famous as the location of the Giza Plateau: the site of some of the most impressive ancient monuments in the world, including a complex of ancient Egyptian royal mortuary and sacred structures, including the Great Sphinx, the Great Pyramid of Giza, and a number of other large pyramids and temples. Giza has always been a focal point in Egypt's history due to its location close to Memphis, the ancient capital.

The area in what is now Giza served as the necropolis of several pharaohs who ruled ancient Egypt, during the 2nd millennium BC. Three of these tombs, in the form of giant pyramids, are what is now the famed Three Pyramids of Giza. As ancient Egypt passed under several conquests under the Persians, Greeks and Romans, so did the area in what is now Giza. A Roman village named Teresa, located south of Giza, existed before the Muslim conquest of the region.

As Muslims of the fledging Islamic caliphate went on with their conquest of Egypt from the Roman Empire beginning in 639 AD, three years after their victory at the battle of Yarmouk in 636 AD, they conquered all of the land by the time they have captured the city of Alexandria in 641 AD. A year later in 642 AD, they founded the city of Giza. Its name, al-Jizzah in Arabic, means "the valley" or "the plateau", pertaining to the area's topography.

one of famouse area in giza is Abusir...It is another famous necropolis of Egypt, built during the rulers of the 5th dynasty of the Old Kingdom. This name literally means ‘the House of Osiris’ in Egyptian language and is located near Cairo. It contains 14 pyramids, among which the Pyramid of Sahure, the Pyramid of Neferirkare Kakai and the Pyramid of Nyuserre are most remarkable. Also in the suburb of Giza you can find "Al-Mo'tamdia", a place where some families from upper Egypt head to the capital searching for a better chance of living and a brighter future for their children. the women of "Mo'tamdia" gather every day and started a business of embroidery handicrafts. they tell a lot of stories on their products by drawing them with threads, stories of "Ramadan celebration - Al moled - pilgrimage celebration ... " and a lot of other stories from their own heritage.

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