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Sohag , also known as Sawhāj, Suhag and Suhaj is a city and governorate in upper Egypt on the Nile. Sohag is a governorate in Upper Egypt about 470km away from Cairo and bordered with Assyut, and comprises of a large number of administrative centers, cities, and villages including Akhmim, Gerga, and Dar El Salam. It is one of the densely populated governorates in Upper Egypt

Until the 19th century there was only a village located in the area. In 1960, the capital of the Governorate of Girga was transferred from the city of Girga to growing city of Sohag. The name of the governorate was renamed accordingly. It is unclear how long this site has been inhabited. There are several mummies here that date to Roman times, the village. In Coptic times, there was a community of monks living at the White Monastery in the area.

In the Upper Egyptian governorate of Sohag there lie rich archaeological sites from the early ancient Egyptian era right up to the Ptolemaic, Graeco-Roman, Coptic and Islamic periods. But although the governorate contains many distinguished monuments and historical landmarks, it is seldom visited. Sidi Arif Mosque is located in the south of the city. The ei-Arif Mosquewas built in the 14th century (the 8th century of the Islamic calendar). The current building was constructed around 1995. At the corners of the facade, there are two minarets, and the roof s crowned by a dome. Within the five-naive mosque the bases of the piers and the walls were lined with red granite.

The church of Holy Virgin is located near the north of the market of souq Qaisariya. It comprise of 5 naves. There are 3 sanctuaries for Saint George (left), the Holy Virgin and the Archangel Michael at the ends of the middle three naves by a wooden iconostasis. On both sides of the entrances to the sanctuaries are wooden icons of the Holy Virgin and Jesus. The crosses and Lord’s last Supper are situated above the iconostasis. The presentation in the central nave is framed by a pigeon and a fish; the other ones are framed by a dove and the angels. Galleries are situated above the entrance and the aisles. On the walls, there are scenes and paintings of saints from the life of Jesus. The city is the website of a temple built for the goddess Repyt(Triphis) by Ptolemy XV Caesarion and the following Roman emperors. The south of this temple was an earlier temple of Ptolemy IX Soter II. One of the tombs nearby, belonging to the brothers Ibpemeny “the younger” and Pemehyt of the late second century BC, has two zodiacs on the ceiling.

ABYDOS: The first destination was Abydos, one of the most ancient cities of Upper Egypt. In ancient times it was called “Abdu,” which means “the hill of the symbol or reliquary” where the sacred head of the god of the dead and the underworld Osiris was buried and preserved. For this reason, the site was an important pilgrimage destination and necropolis from the Early Dynastic Period to Christian times. During the Graeco-Roman period the town gained its current name. It houses several archaeological sites such as the Umm Al-Qaab area (Mother of Pots) that contains the tombs of early Pre-dynastic chieftains and the burials of many of the early dynastic kings. Closer to the floodplain are mud-brick enclosures serving the royal funerary cults of kings of the First and Second Dynasties, of which the best preserved is Shunet Al-Zebib.

source 1: http://weekly.ahram.org.eg/News/19016/47/Sohag-under-development.aspx

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