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  • Qena & Ballas

    Ninety-one kilometres east of Al-Balyana, and 62km north of Luxor, Qena sits on a huge bend of the river and at the intersection of the main Nile road and the road running across the desert to the Red Sea towns of Port Safaga and Hurghada. A market town and provincial capital, it is a useful junction for a visit to the spectacular temple complex at Dendara, located just outside the town. It’s also the place to be on the 14th of the Islamic month of Sha’ban, when the city’s 12th-century patron saint, Abdel Rehim al-Qenawi, is celebrated. Qena is noted for its pottery, in particular the porous water. In addition to its Ancient Egyptian heritage as the city of Cainepolis. Qena has a considerable Islamic heritage and a famous mosque. The Maghrebi Abd el-Rahim settled in Qena upon his return from Mecca and founded a Sufi center here. Upon his death in 1195, the mosque was built above his tomb and became a place of pilgrimage. There is a huge modern mosque of Sheikh el-Qenawi in the main square which attests to his importance. Qena has witnessed major restorations, and came third in the UNESCO City Beauty contest.

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  • Gabel Elba Protected Area

    Gebel Elba Reserve is one of the largest and most important protected areas of Egypt, located in the south-eastern corner in Egypt, with an area of ​​35600 square kilometers, and contain many of natural, human and cultural resources between wildlife and medical plants ,local tribes, cultures and Pharaonic monuments In addition to mineral and water resources from wells and springs of fresh water, also it's coast on the Red Sea contains a lot of coral reefs and grass, also many of the Red Sea Islands are within the borders of the protected area in Elba. these islands have a lot of  sea turtles and many rare species of migratory birds and the types of mangrove trees which have a large environmental and economic value to the south. Indeed, Gebel Elba is a "biodiversity hotspot",with a biological diversity unparalleled in any terrestrial environment in Egypt. 

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  • Luxor

    As the site of the Ancient Egyptian city of Thebes,  Luxor has frequently been characterized as the "world's greatest open-air museum", as the ruins of the temple complexes at Karnak and Luxor stand within the modern city. Immediately opposite, across the River Nile, lie the monuments, temples and tombs of the West Bank Necropolis, which includes the Valley of the Kings and Valley of the Queens. Thousands of tourists from all around the world arrive annually to visit these monuments, contributing greatly to the economy of the modern city. Sights of modern-day Luxor East bank: Luxor Temple Luxor International Airport Karnak Temple Luxor Museum Mummification Museum Winter Palace Hotel West bank: Valley of the Kings Valley of the Queens Medinet Habu (memorial temple of Ramesses III) The Ramesseum (memorial temple of Ramesses II) Deir el-Medina (workers' village) Tombs of the Nobles Deir el-Bahri (Mortuary Temple of Hatshepsut, etc.) Malkata (palace of Amenophis III) Colossi of Memnon (memorial temple of Amenophis III)

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  • El Beheira

    Beheira governorate is situated on the coast of Nile Delta, on the northern side of the Arab Republic of Egypt. The capital of this governorate is the city of Damanhur. The name ‘Beheira’ means ‘The Lake’ in Arabic language and this name is justified, due to the presence of many water bodies of the Delta region. This governorate is said to be very important due to the presence of Rosetta, one of the prime port cities of Egypt. Damanhur was known in the ancient Egyptian scripts by the name "Dmi en Hor", which means the city of the god Hor or Horus, on the grounds that it was a center for the worship of this god. It was also known by other names: in the Egyptian texts, "Behdet"; in the Greek texts "Hermou Polis Mikra" (the lesser city of Hermes), translated to Latin by the Romans as "Hermopolis Parva"; the name "Obollenoboles" (or Apollonopolis) associated it with the Greek god Apollo, and it was also called "Tel Ballamon". Later, the Egyptians reverted to the old name, represented as "Temenhor", which after the Islamic conquest was reinterpreted in Arabic as "Damanhur", the present name. By 14 of September 1807, a treaty of Damanhur was signed between Mohamed Ali Pasha and the English General Frasier, the chief of Military Troops were attacking the Egyptian Coast and occupying Alexandria by help of promised Al-Alfi Bic, but English troops were defeated by People of Rosetta (a Northern city 30 km east of Alexandria where the Nile and the Mediterranean Sea meet) where the troops were trapped inside the city and many English soldiers died, so The General Frasier requested to Leave Egyptian Shores without delay, which done by 14/9/1807, Damanhur treaty was the First agreement drafted in Egyptian new and modern Era. natron vally It is a town, located in a valley of the same name, in Beheira governorate. It has got its name from the natron salt, produced from the eight lakes of this region. In ancient Christian scriptures, this town was mentioned as Scetis and it is mainly famous for housing one of the oldest sites of Christian monasteries in this Egyptian region. These monasteries are pious to the Christians, as they were inhabited by some great saints of this religion; like Saint Amun, Saint Arsenius and Saint Samuel the Confessor. Abu Hummus It is a medium-sized town and one of the administrative centers of Beheira governorate, named after a well-known local sheikh, who lived here years ago. This town is also famous for the Nakhla meteorite, which fell here in 1911, probably from Mars. Rosetta It is a vital Egyptian port, near to Alexandria and was earlier known as ‘Rashid’ in Arabic, which means ‘Guide’. The town was renamed as ‘Rosetta’ by the French invaders, after the Rosetta Stone, a granodiorite stele, on which a decree of King Ptolemy V was written in 196 BC. It is a popular tourist spot, due to the presence of a palace built during Ottoman rule, Fort Julien that was built by the French and the various orchards. Kafr el-Dawwar It is a seat of several industries of Egypt, including the power generation plant, textile industries, paints, chemicals and silk fibers. Misr Spinning and Weaving Company is the largest industrial house of this city. Some ancient pyramids of the rulers of the Ptolemaic period, near this city are well-known tourist attractions. source: http://www.ask-aladdin.com/egypt-governorates/beheira-governorate.html

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  • Aswan/ Nubia

    Located about 899 km south from Cairo, Aswan is a serene Nile Valley destination where the Nile is more majestic than anywhere else, flowing through granite rocks, and round emerald islands covered in palm groves and tropical plants. It is considered as an all-time favourite winter destination. Aswan, a city on the Nile River, has been southern Egypt’s strategic and commercial gateway since antiquity. It contains significant archaeological sites like the Temple of Philae, on Agilkia Island near the landmark Aswan Dam. Philae’s ruins include the columned Temple of Isis, dating to the 4th century B.C. Downriver, Elephantine Island holds the Temple of Khnum, from the Third Dynasty. Moreover, you'll be surprised to see how many monuments and sites this small city has to offer. Consider sailing to the temple of Philae, seeing the Agha Khan Mausoleum and taking an excursion to St. Simeon’s Monastery. Egypt's sunniest southern city is the perfect destination to stroll and relax in a magical cultural setting: wander down the broad walkway, locally known as the corniche, to watch feluccas slowly sailing the Nile then stop at one of the floating restaurants to enjoy Nubian music and freshly caught fish. Aswan offers a splendid view of the Nile and is a great starting point for a Nile cruise. Aswan also offers a rich cultural experience; you’ll get to know Nubian culture and shop for spices, henna tattoos, souvenirs and African handmade goods at the Aswan souk. The word Aswan derives in fact from the Ancient Egyptian word “Soun” meaning souk or trade. It has earned its name thanks to the city’s strategic position, on the trade route linking the North of Egypt to its South.  Text refernce: part of text from Egyptian tourism agency 

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  • Sharkia Gov.

    Sharqia Governorate ,  is the 3rd most populous of the governorates of Egypt. Located in the northern part of the country, its capital is the city of Zagazig. The national day of the Al Sharqia governorate is the 9th of September which is a day on which Ahmed Qrabi confronted against the Khedive Twakif in the year 1881. The emblem of this governorate is green signifying the ample agricultural land and a picture of a white horse in the center due to its popularity as a breeding ground for Arabian horses.  It located in the place of the eastern province of three historic religious ways which adds to the Eastern nobility and originality. Using exit Moses, peace be upon him with his people from Egypt Qintair passable road to the validity and then to Kantara. Sir Holy Family line. East has been visiting the Holy Family and stay in Tel unrolled and Bilbes. Captivating coming of Prophet Muhammad peace be upon him to Egypt. After the martyrdom of al-Husayn, God bless attic has left the Sayeda Zeinab B Allahanha Medina chose Egypt to reside Vouseln to the town of Abu Hammad Alabashahdy villages center and Abbassa they took to Fustat Other activities at the governorate which are famous are the breeding of Arabian horses which has helped Al Sharqia in becoming an important horse market in Egypt. This has led the governorate organize a grand horse festival annually. The areas which are very popular for the breeding of horses in the governorate include Salheyia, Anshas, Bani Gery, and Saoud Island. Hunting of deer by ducks and falcons is another activity which makes Al Sharqia famous. The governorate is a true exemplification of the old and the new with many monuments from all ages, which adorn the place, manifolds attracting tourists from far and wide. 

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  • Al Darb Al Ahmer

    Cairo’s Al-Darb al-Ahmar district is a catalog of over 700 years of history. It is rich with medieval Islamic architecture, including the towering minarets of Khayrbek and Um al-Sultan Shaaban mosques, visible above the city skyline. In the dense encroaching environment of one of Africa’s largest cities, Al-Darb al-Ahmar was threatened with demolition. El Darb al-Ahmar, (the red road) in Cairo may not be as famous or as visited as al Darb al-Asfar (the yellow road) and Khan el-Khalili Bazaar, but nevertheless, it retains much of its past riches and historical atmosphere. The Al-Darb al-Asfar area and Darb al-Ahmar were originally connected as they all formed part of the Qasaba, the main road running from the Northern Gates (Bab al-Nasr and Baba al-Futuh) down towards the Citadel, meeting the Darb al-Ahmar road at the Southern Gate, Bab Zuweila. Al-Mu'ezz Street, part of the Qasaba is named after the conquering Fatimid Khalif and it was the chief thoroughfare of Islamic Cairo. Over the years, the Qasaba urbanely developed and was divided into sections, each characteristic with different crafts or markets which they were named after. The area now known as al-Darb al-Ahmar is located just outside the southern walls of the Fatimid palace-city and had originally been cemetery grounds for its residents. In the eleventh century, a period of drought and famine led to the impoverishment of Misr Fustat, and the exodus of most of its population to the area around Cairo. By then, the city had already expanded, and a reconsolidation of the city walls between 1087 and 1092, during a period of civil strife, involved the enlargement of the original walled precinct to incorporate these newly developed urban areas Facing the ancient Zuweila Gate is one of the oldest thoroughfares in Cairo - Shari Khayyamiya. Khayma means "tent" in Arabic. There, in the Street of the Tentmakers, the ancient craft of making huge tent pavilions, or Suwan, out of beautiful cloth patterns has been carried on for hundreds of years. The Khayyamiya bazaar erected by Ridwan Bey in 1650 is one of the best-preserved examples of a covered market left in Cairo. The building is undergoing restoration work nowadays but not preventing the daily trades and activities of taking place. This art, inherited from father to son over centuries now has become somehow scarce and faces an uncertain future for only a hundred or so craftsmen still remain in the business. The colourful printed fabrics are mostly put up by the "Farasheen" during feasts, Moulids celebrating religious occasions, weddings and to screen unsightly building work.The geometric designs used in Cairo's tents today come mostly from appliqued arabesques, calligraphy and marble inlay patterns found in the walls and floors of Cairo's medieval mosques. source1: http://archnet.org/system/publications/contents/4838/original/DPC1550.pdf?1384786915 source 2: http://www.touregypt.net/featurestories/aldarb.htm Original research by Lara Iskander.

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  • Giza

    Giza, is the third-largest city in Egypt. It is located on the west bank of the Nile, 5 km southwest of central Cairo. Giza is most famous as the location of the Giza Plateau: the site of some of the most impressive ancient monuments in the world, including a complex of ancient Egyptian royal mortuary and sacred structures, including the Great Sphinx, the Great Pyramid of Giza, and a number of other large pyramids and temples. Giza has always been a focal point in Egypt's history due to its location close to Memphis, the ancient capital. The area in what is now Giza served as the necropolis of several pharaohs who ruled ancient Egypt, during the 2nd millennium BC. Three of these tombs, in the form of giant pyramids, are what is now the famed Three Pyramids of Giza. As ancient Egypt passed under several conquests under the Persians, Greeks and Romans, so did the area in what is now Giza. A Roman village named Teresa, located south of Giza, existed before the Muslim conquest of the region. As Muslims of the fledging Islamic caliphate went on with their conquest of Egypt from the Roman Empire beginning in 639 AD, three years after their victory at the battle of Yarmouk in 636 AD, they conquered all of the land by the time they have captured the city of Alexandria in 641 AD. A year later in 642 AD, they founded the city of Giza. Its name, al-Jizzah in Arabic, means "the valley" or "the plateau", pertaining to the area's topography. one of famouse area in giza is Abusir...It is another famous necropolis of Egypt, built during the rulers of the 5th dynasty of the Old Kingdom. This name literally means ‘the House of Osiris’ in Egyptian language and is located near Cairo. It contains 14 pyramids, among which the Pyramid of Sahure, the Pyramid of Neferirkare Kakai and the Pyramid of Nyuserre are most remarkable. Also in the suburb of Giza you can find "Al-Mo'tamdia", a place where some families from upper Egypt head to the capital searching for a better chance of living and a brighter future for their children. the women of "Mo'tamdia" gather every day and started a business of embroidery handicrafts. they tell a lot of stories on their products by drawing them with threads, stories of "Ramadan celebration - Al moled - pilgrimage celebration ... " and a lot of other stories from their own heritage.

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  • kafr el sheikh

    Kafr el-Sheikh governorate is one of the prominent Deltaic province, which is situated on the northern part of Egypt, along the western bank of River Nile, Kafr El Sheikh Governorate, which was once part of the Gharbia Governorate, was created in 1949. It was originally named "Fuadiyah" in honor of King Fuad I of Egypt. After the 1952 Revolution and the subsequent abolition of the monarchy, the governorate took the name of its capital city Kafr El Sheikh. This name, adopted in 1955, means "the village of the chief" This governorate is so named to pay homage to the Sufi saint Sheikh Talha Abi Said el-Telmesany, who came here from Morocco in 600 AD and settled in this region. But literally, this name means ‘the village of the chief’ in local Egyptian language, This fertile deltaic area enables rich cultivation of wheat, rice, cotton and beets. Fishing is another important occupation and source of income in this region. The tourists are highly interested for visiting this region, due to the presence of el-Borolos Lake, Desook Park, Mosque of Sayeed Talha Abi Said el-Telmesany, Mosque of Sayeed Ibrahim el-Desooky, Virgin Mary Church, historical monuments of Sakha Hills and Faraeen Hills and also the residence of the legendary revolutionary leader Saad Zaghloul. Balteem summer resort is a favorite vacation spot of many Egyptians, as well as the foreigners. Fuwah, Egyptian city dubbed as the city of mosques, located in the far north of the Delta, Kafr El-Sheikh, Commercial factor played an important role in the prosperity of the city of Fuwah the Mamluk period in particular, has been interested in the Mamluk sultans trade, which represented an important resource of the Egyptian economy resources in that era, and it was the sultans issue from time to time decrees urging principals stomata on the treatment of traders treated well, and include this advice and guidance, including the decrees issued by the Sultan Kalawoon Researchers Islamists City Fuwah was considered self-cities that have grown and evolved over a long historical periods of several conditions related to geographical location and its business being on transport and trade routes.

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  • Kharga Oasis

    Al Kharga is located 232 kilometers to the South of Asyut, 550 kilometers to the South of Cairo. The oasis is located to the west of the Nile valley. The Kharga Oasis must be one of the most beautiful places in the world, especially at sunset; everything you see at this "green island in the middle of a yellow ocean of sand", is natural! Whether you are sleeping under the stars, or just relaxing between the high palm-trees, you will find a feeling of integration with the environment. The first time I saw the El-Kharga Oasis, a bright light came to my eyes and I could not overcome the emotion, even I wondered "what better place to go than El-Kharga Oasis?" The Kharga Oasis, the capital of the governorate of the new valley, or Al Wadi Al Gadeed, in Egypt, hosted inhabitants since prehistoric times and it is still the most populated oasis of Egypt until today.It was an important transit point for the desert caravans since the period of the 12th dynasty (1786 BC – 1665 BC). This was a transition period in the Egyptian history when the Hyksos had control over Northern Egypt and the Pharos ruled over Southern Egypt and the Nubia. Also it was always considered the Southern and Western Gate of Egypt. It connected Egypt to Southern Africa through the forty days road.  

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  • Naqadah

    Naqada is in reality a necropolis in Egypt that comprises several burials since the pre-historic era. It is located on the western bank of the River Nile about 26km north of Luxor "ancient Thebes". Like most other cities in Egypt, Naqada is also a city of major historical significance. Naqada was said to be the burial ground of Nubet town and was devoted to the God Set. The Pyramid of Ombos, Naqada is located about 300 meters north of the ruins of the ancient site of Ombos, near the present village of Kome Al Dabie within Toukh village at about 6 km north of the town of Naqada in Upper Egypt. The first and only excavation was led by Flinders Petrie in 1895 and James Edward Quibell. The pyramid is seem dates most likely to the end of the Third or to the beginning of the Fourth Dynasty. It has a side length of 18.39 meters, and today even a height of about 4.50 meters with orientation follows the course of the Nile.

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  • Dakhla Oases

    Dakhla Oasis , is one of the seven oases of Egypt's Western Desert. Dakhla Oasis lies in the New Valley Governorate, 350 km from the Nile and between the oases of Farafra and Kharga. El Dakhla was the capital of the Oasis region during the Pharaonic period. Today, El Dakhla is one of the most wonderful oases in Egypt with many remarkable monuments, natural scenery, and a large collection of Bedouin handicrafts being sold around the oasis. The same as the rest of the Egyptian oasis located in the Western Desert of Egypt, the Dakhla Oases is situated inside a depression, which is bordered to the North with an impressive scrap and it is open towards its Eastern and Western edges. The first European traveller to find the Dakhla Oasis was Sir Archibald Edmonstone, in the year 1819. He was succeeded by several other early travellers, but it was not until 1908 that the first egyptologist, Herbert Winlock, visited Dakhla Oasis and noted its monuments in some systematic manner Dakhla Oasis consists of several communities, along a string of sub-oases. The main settlements are Mut (more fully Mut el-Kharab and anciently called Mothis), El-Masara, Al-Qasr, Qalamoun, together with several smaller villages. Some of the communities have identities that are separate from each other. Qalamoun has inhabitants that trace their origins to the Ottomans. Among the sixteen villages in the Dakhla Oasis, the Village of Mut is the largest and the most important, with more than 100,000 inhabitants living in village, which was transformed gradually into becoming more of a city other than a village today. the most important touristic attraction in the city of Mut is the spa of the Bir Talata, or Well number Two, located about two kilometers away from the center of the town. The water of Bir Talata is rich with iron and sulfur which helps in curing many illnesses and they come from a depth that reaches 1000 meters from the underground. Situated 20 kilometers to the North of Mut, Al Qasr is among the most interesting villages in the Dakhla Oasis because it hosts a number of remarkable monuments. The narrow lanes of Al Qasr have some of the ancient Islamic houses with doors decorated with acacia wood with the name of the owner or the constructor of the house being carved. Occupying the center of the Village of Al Qasr, there is the minaret of Sheikh Nasr El Din Mosque. Dating to the Ayyubid period, during the 11th and the 12th centuries, nothing remains of this valuable monument except for its 21 meters height minaret. Deir El Hagar, or the Stone Monastery, lies to the North of the City of Mut near the historical necropolis of Al Muzwaqa and it is among the most important historical sites of El Dakhla Oasis. This Temple was constructed during the ruling period of Nero in the middle of the 1st century AD and it was dedicated to the Holy Theban Triad, the gods Mut, Amun Re, and Khonsu. The Village of Bashindi is featured with its mud brick houses that are finely decorated and colorfully ornamented the fact that made it among the touristic attractions of El Dakhla Oasis. There is an Islamic cemetery inside the Village of Bashindi and it is dominated by the impressive mausoleum of Sheikh Bashindi, the founder of the village, and there is also a necropolis dating back to the Roman ruling period. The Village of Balat is located to the Northeast of Bashindi and its medieval district is of significant importance from the historical and architectural aspects, The village of Balat is famous the most for hosting two of the most important archeological sites in the Western Desert; the Qila El Dabba Necropolis and Ain Asil, the capital of the Oases in the Old Kingdom of ancient Egypt. These both important historical sites were excavated and studied by the French Institute of Oriental Archeology with the collaboration of the Egyptian Supreme Council of Antiquities. In the Qila El Dabba Necropolis, archeologists were able to unearth some Mastaba style tombs constructed with mud bricks and which belonged to the rulers of the Oases and their families in the 6th dynasty. The Necropolis of Al Muzwaqa means, in the Arabic Language, the wonderfully decorated tombs and it is located to the North of Mut near the Temple of Deir El Hagar. This important historical necropolis was discovered in 1908 by the American archeologist, Herbert Winlock during his excavation missions in the Western Desert of Egypt. This necropolis consists of around 300 rock hewn tombs with most of them not yet unearthed or studied. The Necropolis of Muzwaqa is mostly famous for two tombs; the tomb of Petosiris and the tomb of Petubastis and both tombs have finely preserved wall paintings. source 1: http://www.ask-aladdin.com/Egyptian_Oasis/dakhla_oasis.html source 2: https://www.lonelyplanet.com/egypt/western-desert/dakhla-oasis

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